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Citrine Gemstones

Citrine gemstones come from the quartz family and are also known as gold or Spanish Topaz. Like all members of the quartz family, citrines have hardness of 7 on Moh's scale of mineral hardness, one category less than the Beryl group which composes precious gemstones such as Aquamarine, Emerald and Ruby. The knowledge of use of this lemon-yellow colored mineral (hence the name citrine) has been for at least 2.000 years; and like Topaz, Garnets, and other quartz stones, is a common component of fashion and other types of jewelry, where it is faceted and mounted into broaches, pendants, rings, and earrings.

Because of its unique color, citrine is often worn in fashion accessory jewelry during the autumn season, and is the most common birthstone for the month of November. The mineral is historically found in commercial quantities in Spain, France, parts of Scotland, and also in Germany and Hungary. More recently, it has also been mined in Brazil and Uruguay. Although some forms of Topaz stones are similar to Citrine, the unique fiery yellow refractive features of Citrine set it apart in its captivating beauty, and finely cut, unblemished stone can cost much more than other kinds of quartz derived gems. Citrine is a "delicate" stone when it comes to cleaving and polishing it, however, so great care must be made by the cutter to ensure the stone's qualities are not damaged during processing.

Citrine stones are also said to have mystical qualities and have a cooling and healing effect for the wearer as well as protecting them from serious illness and death. It is also said they ensure fertility in women.

Citrine gemstones, whether rough or polished, can be found in mineral and unique gift shops, and jewelry composed of these stones are commonly found in jewelry shops, as well as in accessory jewelry departments of higher quality department stores. They are also readily available on the internet.